Python将字符串string转换为日期时间datetime

我有一个像这样的日期时间的巨大列表作为字符串:

Jun 1 2005  1:33PM
Aug 28 1999 12:00AM

我将把这些推回到数据库中正确的日期时间字段中,所以我需要将它们魔法变成真正的日期时间对象.

这是通过 Django 的 ORM,所以我不能使用 SQL 在插入时进行转换.

Use the third party dateutil library:

from dateutil import parser
parser.parse("Aug 28 1999 12:00AM")  # datetime.datetime(1999, 8, 28, 0, 0)

It can handle most date formats, including the one you need to parse. It's more convenient than strptime as it can guess the correct format most of the time.

It's very useful for writing tests, where readability is more important than performance.

You can install it with:

pip install python-dateutil
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I have put together a project that can convert some really neat expressions. Check out timestring.

Here are some examples below:

pip install timestring
>>> import timestring
>>> timestring.Date('monday, aug 15th 2015 at 8:40 pm')
<timestring.Date 2015-08-15 20:40:00 4491909392>
>>> timestring.Date('monday, aug 15th 2015 at 8:40 pm').date
datetime.datetime(2015, 8, 15, 20, 40)
>>> timestring.Range('next week')
<timestring.Range From 03/10/14 00:00:00 to 03/03/14 00:00:00 4496004880>
>>> (timestring.Range('next week').start.date, timestring.Range('next week').end.date)
(datetime.datetime(2014, 3, 10, 0, 0), datetime.datetime(2014, 3, 14, 0, 0))

Something that isn't mentioned here and is useful: adding a suffix to the day. I decoupled the suffix logic so you can use it for any number you like, not just dates.

import time

def num_suffix(n):
‘’’
Returns the suffix for any given int
‘’’
suf = (‘th’,‘st’, ‘nd’, ‘rd’)
n = abs(n) # wise guy
tens = int(str(n)[-2:])
units = n % 10
if tens > 10 and tens < 20:
return suf[0] # teens with ‘th’
elif units <= 3:
return suf[units]
else:
return suf[0] # ‘th’

def day_suffix(t):
‘’’
Returns the suffix of the given struct_time day
‘’’
return num_suffix(t.tm_mday)

Examples

print num_suffix(123)
print num_suffix(3431)
print num_suffix(1234)
print ‘’
print day_suffix(time.strptime(“1 Dec 00”, “%d %b %y”))
print day_suffix(time.strptime(“2 Nov 01”, “%d %b %y”))
print day_suffix(time.strptime(“3 Oct 02”, “%d %b %y”))
print day_suffix(time.strptime(“4 Sep 03”, “%d %b %y”))
print day_suffix(time.strptime(“13 Nov 90”, “%d %b %y”))
print day_suffix(time.strptime(“14 Oct 10”, “%d %b %y”))​​​​​​​

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It would do the helpful for converting string to datetime and also with time zone

def convert_string_to_time(date_string, timezone):
    from datetime import datetime
    import pytz
    date_time_obj = datetime.strptime(date_string[:26], '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f')
    date_time_obj_timezone = pytz.timezone(timezone).localize(date_time_obj)
return date_time_obj_timezone

date = ‘2018-08-14 13:09:24.543953+00:00’
TIME_ZONE = ‘UTC’
date_time_obj_timezone = convert_string_to_time(date, TIME_ZONE)

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