如何以代码编程方式关闭/隐藏 Android 软键盘?

我的布局中有一个 EditText 和一个 Button

在编辑字段中写入并单击 Button 后,我想在触摸键盘外部时隐藏虚拟键盘。 我认为这是一段简单的代码,但我在哪里可以找到它的示例?

You can force Android to hide the virtual keyboard using the InputMethodManager, calling hideSoftInputFromWindow, passing in the token of the window containing your focused view.

// Check if no view has focus:
View view = this.getCurrentFocus();
if (view != null) {  
    InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager)getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
    imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(view.getWindowToken(), 0);
}

This will force the keyboard to be hidden in all situations. In some cases, you will want to pass in InputMethodManager.HIDE_IMPLICIT_ONLY as the second parameter to ensure you only hide the keyboard when the user didn't explicitly force it to appear (by holding down the menu).

Note: If you want to do this in Kotlin, use: context?.getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE) as InputMethodManager

Kotlin Syntax

// Only runs if there is a view that is currently focused
this.currentFocus?.let { view ->
    val imm = getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE) as? InputMethodManager
    imm?.hideSoftInputFromWindow(view.windowToken, 0)
}

To help clarify this madness, I'd like to begin by apologizing on behalf of all Android users for Google's downright ridiculous treatment of the soft keyboard. The reason there are so many answers, each different, for the same simple question is that this API, like many others in Android, is horribly designed. I can think of no polite way to state it.

I want to hide the keyboard. I expect to provide Android with the following statement: Keyboard.hide(). The end. Thank you very much. But Android has a problem. You must use the InputMethodManager to hide the keyboard. OK, fine, this is Android's API to the keyboard. BUT! You are required to have a Context in order to get access to the IMM. Now we have a problem. I may want to hide the keyboard from a static or utility class that has no use or need for any Context. or And FAR worse, the IMM requires that you specify what View (or even worse, what Window) you want to hide the keyboard FROM.

This is what makes hiding the keyboard so challenging. Dear Google: When I'm looking up the recipe for a cake, there is no RecipeProvider on Earth that would refuse to provide me with the recipe unless I first answer WHO the cake will be eaten by AND where it will be eaten!!

This sad story ends with the ugly truth: to hide the Android keyboard, you will be required to provide 2 forms of identification: a Context and either a View or a Window.

I have created a static utility method that can do the job VERY solidly, provided you call it from an Activity.

public static void hideKeyboard(Activity activity) {
    InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) activity.getSystemService(Activity.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
    //Find the currently focused view, so we can grab the correct window token from it.
    View view = activity.getCurrentFocus();
    //If no view currently has focus, create a new one, just so we can grab a window token from it
    if (view == null) {
        view = new View(activity);
    }
    imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(view.getWindowToken(), 0);
}

Be aware that this utility method ONLY works when called from an Activity! The above method calls getCurrentFocus of the target Activity to fetch the proper window token.

But suppose you want to hide the keyboard from an EditText hosted in a DialogFragment? You can't use the method above for that:

hideKeyboard(getActivity()); //won't work

This won't work because you'll be passing a reference to the Fragment's host Activity, which will have no focused control while the Fragment is shown! Wow! So, for hiding the keyboard from fragments, I resort to the lower-level, more common, and uglier:

public static void hideKeyboardFrom(Context context, View view) {
    InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) context.getSystemService(Activity.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
    imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(view.getWindowToken(), 0);
}

Below is some additional information gleaned from more time wasted chasing this solution:

About windowSoftInputMode

There's yet another point of contention to be aware of. By default, Android will automatically assign initial focus to the first EditText or focusable control in your Activity. It naturally follows that the InputMethod (typically the soft keyboard) will respond to the focus event by showing itself. The windowSoftInputMode attribute in AndroidManifest.xml, when set to stateAlwaysHidden, instructs the keyboard to ignore this automatically-assigned initial focus.

<activity
    android:name=".MyActivity"
    android:windowSoftInputMode="stateAlwaysHidden"/>

Almost unbelievably, it appears to do nothing to prevent the keyboard from opening when you touch the control (unless focusable="false" and/or focusableInTouchMode="false" are assigned to the control). Apparently, the windowSoftInputMode setting applies only to automatic focus events, not to focus events triggered by touch events.

Therefore, stateAlwaysHidden is VERY poorly named indeed. It should perhaps be called ignoreInitialFocus instead.


UPDATE: More ways to get a window token

If there is no focused view (e.g. can happen if you just changed fragments), there are other views that will supply a useful window token.

These are alternatives for the above code if (view == null) view = new View(activity); These don't refer explicitly to your activity.

Inside a fragment class:

view = getView().getRootView().getWindowToken();

Given a fragment fragment as a parameter:

view = fragment.getView().getRootView().getWindowToken();

Starting from your content body:

view = findViewById(android.R.id.content).getRootView().getWindowToken();

UPDATE 2: Clear focus to avoid showing keyboard again if you open the app from the background

Add this line to the end of the method:

view.clearFocus();

Also useful for hiding the soft-keyboard is:

getWindow().setSoftInputMode(
    WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_HIDDEN
);

This can be used to suppress the soft-keyboard until the user actually touches the editText View.

I got one more solution to hide keyboard:

InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Activity.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.HIDE_IMPLICIT_ONLY, 0);

Here pass HIDE_IMPLICIT_ONLY at the position of showFlag and 0 at the position of hiddenFlag. It will forcefully close soft Keyboard.

There are many ways to close/hide the Android soft keyboard programatically. Either you can try this below code in onCreate()

EditText edtView = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editTextConvertValue);
edtView.setInputType(InputType.TYPE_NULL);

OR you can try this below code in onCreate()

getWindow().setSoftInputMode(
    WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_HIDDEN
);

Update: I don't know why this solution is not work any more ( I just tested on Android 23). Please use the solution of Saurabh Pareek instead. Here it is:

InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Activity.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
//Hide:
imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.HIDE_IMPLICIT_ONLY, 0);
//Show
imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.SHOW_IMPLICIT, 0);

Old answer:

//Show soft-keyboard:
getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_VISIBLE);
//hide keyboard :
 getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_HIDDEN);
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If all the other answers here don't work for you as you would like them to, there's another way of manually controlling the keyboard.

Create a function with that will manage some of the EditText's properties:

public void setEditTextFocus(boolean isFocused) {
    searchEditText.setCursorVisible(isFocused);
    searchEditText.setFocusable(isFocused);
    searchEditText.setFocusableInTouchMode(isFocused);
if (isFocused) {
    searchEditText.requestFocus();
}

}

Then, make sure that onFocus of the EditText you open/close the keyboard:

searchEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener(new OnFocusChangeListener() {
    @Override
    public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) {
        if (v == searchEditText) {
            if (hasFocus) {
                // Open keyboard
                ((InputMethodManager) context.getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE)).showSoftInput(searchEditText, InputMethodManager.SHOW_FORCED);
            } else {
                // Close keyboard
                ((InputMethodManager) context.getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE)).hideSoftInputFromWindow(searchEditText.getWindowToken(), 0);
            }
        }
    }
});

Now, whenever you want to open the keyboard manually call:

setEditTextFocus(true);

And for closing call:

setEditTextFocus(false);
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from so searching, here I found an answer that works for me

// Show soft-keyboard:
InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
imm.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.SHOW_FORCED, 0);

// Hide soft-keyboard:
getWindow().setSoftInputMode(WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_ALWAYS_HIDDEN);

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The short answer

In your OnClick listener call the onEditorAction of the EditText with IME_ACTION_DONE

button.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
    someEditText.onEditorAction(EditorInfo.IME_ACTION_DONE)
}

});

The drill-down

I feel this method is better, simpler and more aligned with Android's design pattern. In the simple example above (and usually in most of the common cases) you'll have an EditText that has/had focus and it also usually was the one to invoke the keyboard in the first place (it is definitely able to invoke it in many common scenarios). In that same way, it should be the one to release the keyboard, usually that can be done by an ImeAction. Just see how an EditText with android:imeOptions="actionDone" behaves, you want to achieve the same behavior by the same means.


Check this related answer